The volcanic island of Saint Lucia is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimie, at 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island’s most famous landmark. They are located between Soufrière and Choiseul on the western side of the island. Saint Lucia is also one of the few islands in the world that boasts a drive-in volcano. The volcanic complex includes a geothermal field with sulphurous fumaroles and hot springs.
The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries, where about one third of the population lives. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort.
MINISTRY OF PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENT AND HOUSING
Saint Lucia to develop a sustainable energy plan
Energy is a vital component of development, affecting both economic and social growth. Realizing development beyond that of a subsistence economy requires at least minimum access to energy services by a high percentage of the population. Most developing countries are forced to depend on inefficient and polluting energy sources owing to their struggling economies and a general absence of relevant technology to explore alternative sources. However, recently the island of Saint Lucia took the bold step of endeavouring to become the world’s first sustainable energy country.
Saint Lucia is a volcanic island located in the Eastern Caribbean. Its’ natural beauty has made it an increasingly popular tourist destination. This, along with rapid development, has contributed to a growing demand for energy. The local utility LUCELEC has an exclusive license to generate and distribute electricity and currently supplies about 98% of the population. Electricity generation is characterized by total dependence on diesel-powered generators. Cognisant of the need to address and ensure the long-term sustainability of the energy sector, the Government recently approved the development of a sustainable energy plan for Saint Lucia.
Currently, energy experts from the Climate Institute and the Organization of American States, together with the Ministry of Planning, Development, Environment and Housing are finalizing the plan. This plan lays out a strategy for the maintenance and growth of the energy sector in Saint Lucia through effective management. It seeks to attain a set of energy sector targets through the implementation of actions which will create a policy and regulatory framework to encourage diversification of the local energy market and the promotion of energy efficiency and conservation.