Barbados situated just east of the Caribbean Sea, is an independent Continental Island-nation in the western Atlantic Ocean. Its closest island neighbours are Saint Vincent & the Grenadines and Saint Lucia to the west. To the south lies Trinidad and Tobago-with which Barbados now shares a fixed official maritime boundary-and also the South American mainland.
Barbados’s total land area is about 430 square kilometres (166 square miles), and is primarily low-lying, with some higher regions in the country’s interior. The geological composition of Barbados is of non-volcanic origin and is predominantly composed of limestone-coral formed by subduction of the South American plate colliding with the Caribbean plate.
The island’s climate is tropical, with constant trade winds off the Atlantic Ocean serving to keep temperatures mild. Some less developed areas of the country contain tropical woodland and mangroves. Other parts of the interior which contribute to the agriculture industry are dotted with large sugarcane estates and wide, gently sloping pastures, with panoramic views down to the coast also.